Green Infrastructure & 
Urban Biodiversity

Strategically planned areas and urban biodiversity

Green Infrastructure

Green infrastructure is a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas with other environmental features designed and managed to deliver a wide range of ecosystem services such as water purification, air quality, space for recreation and climate mitigation and adaptation. This network of green (land) and blue (water) spaces can improve environmental conditions and therefore citizens’ health and quality of life. It also supports a green economy, creates job opportunities and enhances biodiversity. Public Health England has published an evidence resource for planning and designing healthier places: Spatial Planning for Health.

South Oxfordshire District Council has a Green Infrastructure Strategy which aims to contribute towards effective spatial planning and place shaping by ensuring that proposals for new development take account of existing and proposed green spaces within the district.

Access to nature promotes good physical and mental health, improves well-being, and encourages people to take exercise. Indeed, these benefits increase as the number and diversity of plant and animal species rises. In Oxfordshire, NHS Forest creates green spaces on NHS sites and promotes Green Health Routes to get people active. Initiatives like Green Gyms and Logs for Labour encourage volunteers to take on conservation tasks, while improving their health and well-being.

Urban Biodiversity

Despite being a largely rural county, more than 66% of Oxfordshire’s population lives in an urban setting. Whilst having known benefits for people, urban green spaces can also benefit wildlife. There is a great deal of helpful information available on how to manage areas such as domestic gardens, playing fields, allotments, parks, woodlands, churchyards and cemeteries for the benefit of wildlife. In Oxfordshire, these spaces range from the centuries old Oxford Meadows to newly created sites such as Spiceball Park in Banbury. Urban green spaces can act as ‘stepping stones’ for plants and animals, linking to rural areas and larger ecosystems. Hedgehogs travel around one mile every night through our parks and gardens in their quest to find enough food and a mate. We know that one of the main reasons why hedgehogs are declining in Britain is because our fences and walls are becoming more and more secure, reducing the amount of land available to them. Hedgehog Highways can make their life a little easier by removing the barriers within our control – for example, by making holes in or under our garden fences and walls for them to pass through. Kirtlington Wildlife & Conservation Society have connected 43 premises for hedgehogs, including the village pub, Church, school and shop.

Download the Settlements pages from State of Nature in Oxfordshire 2017 for more information about our urban wildlife

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